Zero CO2 internal combustion engine developedAugust 28, 2020
Researchers at the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) have developed an internal combustion engine that does not emit carbon dioxide or other harmful substances into the atmosphere. According to the creators, their revolutionary engine meets the emission standards planned in Europe for 2040, and at the same time has high efficiency. All of this was achieved thanks to MIEC’s patented ceramic membranes, Tech Xplore reports.
“These membranes, installed in a vehicle engine, allow the selective separation of oxygen from air during fuel combustion. This creates a clean gas, made up of water and carbon dioxide, which is captured inside the car and is not emitted from the exhaust pipe, ”explains Jose Manuel Serra, one of the technology’s authors.
As a result, the new engine will retain all the advantages that gasoline cars provide (range and quick refueling around the corner), but will not pollute the environment. Other indicators, including engine power, torque and fuel consumption, will not differ from the standard ICE. The refueling process will also proceed as usual.
But these are not all the pros. The system will turn a car with such an engine into a CO2 supplier. Whereas conventional ICE vehicles expel carbon dioxide through the tailpipe, the new technology collects residual carbon dioxide and water in a pre-designed pressurized container. From there, carbon dioxide can be sold (separated by condensation) or used for other purposes.
“We will have one tank for fuel, and another for CO2, which is generated after fuel combustion and can be beneficial,” the authors of the development say.
The technology developed is mainly aimed at large vehicles for carrying passengers and goods both on land and at sea, as well as aviation up to a certain power level. In addition, it can also be used to convert existing diesel engines to environmentally neutral. The first working prototypes will appear within two months, engineers said.
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