Sweden to build a transatlantic sailboat to transport carsSeptember 15, 2020
The Swedish consortium is set to launch a futuristic version of the 19th century sailing ship at the end of 2024 – a ship with five 80-meter sails, capable of carrying up to 7,000 cars. It will emit 90% less carbon into the atmosphere than conventional ro-ro rokers.
The 200-meter transatlantic vessel with five 80-meter sails will set off on its maiden voyage at the end of 2024. It is being developed by a large Swedish consortium consisting of the shipping company Wallenius Marine, the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology and the SSPA consultancy. Part of the funding is provided by the Swedish Transport Administration.
The only drawback of using wind power to navigate water is that it usually takes longer. A conventional cargo ship overcomes the North Atlantic in 7 days, and a future sailing ship will need about 12, writes The Next Web. But it almost does not pollute the atmosphere.
“The sail technology is very similar to the wings of airplanes,” explained Karl-Johan Söder, designer at Wallenius Marine. According to his calculations, during such a voyage, the future sailing ship will emit 90% less CO2 into the atmosphere than modern transport ships or bulk carriers, at an average speed of 10 knots (18.5 km / h). At the same time, at a cost price, it is only slightly more expensive than traditional ro-ro-boats – ships designed for the transport of wheeled vehicles.
For safety reasons, as well as for exiting and entering port, the sailboat will be equipped with additional hydrogen fuel cell electric motors.
It is assumed that the length of the cargo sailing ship of the XXI century will be 200 meters, width – 40, height – 100 meters, including sails. This is somewhat shorter than the average container ship, but much taller. The sails themselves will be about 80 meters high.
While consumer transport – land, air and water – is actively shifting to clean energy, the freight industry, especially maritime transport, has been slow. Scandinavian countries, leading in the distribution of electric vehicles, set an example in this area. Last year, the first Norwegian cruise ship, Roald Amundsen, switched to electric power. It is built for the northern seas and has all the comforts of a modern cruise ship, and the hybrid drivetrain only powers the engines from electric batteries.
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