Megahybrid Lamborghini and eight more electric supercarsSeptember 7, 2019
We recall the best representatives of the world of gas-electric monsters
Mass hybridization of super- and hypercars is a forced step. If such cars initially appeared because manufacturers discovered an unknown reserve of increasing power and improving dynamics, now environmentalists and new legislative restrictions on CO₂ emissions are putting pressure on Ferrari, Lamborghini and others. New developments brought closer the moment when you do not need to think about the mass of the hybrid add-on and the computing power of computers to control a complex installation – that is why the Speedtail carbon drop and the first serial Lamborghini hybrid were born. In this collection, we remembered the most interesting representatives of the world of superhybrid and, of course, did not forget about the bonus – it is waiting for you at the very end.
Sián (translated from the Bologna dialect “lightning” or “discharge”) is the first production hybrid supercar and, in combination, the most powerful car in the history of the Italian brand. It looks like something from a science fiction film, and in many ways is really unique: Sián has an unusual power plant, as well as a cooling system.
The supercar is equipped with an atmospheric 6.5 V12 and a 48-volt electric motor. In total, they give out 819 horsepower. For the first time for low-voltage hybrids, the e-motor unit is directly connected to the wheels, which in some cases allows you to move on the same electric traction, and an ionistor (supercapacitor) is used as an energy source. To 100 km / h Sián accelerates in 2.8 seconds.
The patented recuperation system replenishes energy with every braking – it can be used for a short-term increase in recoil during intensive acceleration at speeds up to 130 kilometers per hour. Active blinds at the stern are made of a material that responds to the temperature of the exhaust gases: the greater the load, the more the shutters are open.
Porsche 918 Spyder
Superhybrid from a German company is considered a collection model. Its circulation amounted to 918 copies, and now the price of a supercar reaches one and a half million dollars. At the same time, the 918 Spyder can still be considered as the main technical miracle of Porsche after the electric Taycan.
The mid-engined 918 Spyder is equipped with a 4.6-liter V8, the architecture of which is similar to the engine from the RS Spyder sport prototype. He is assisted by two electric motors: one is installed between the engine and the gearbox, the second on the front axle. In total, the hybrid installation produces 887 horsepower and 1,280 Nm of torque, accelerating the roadster to the first 100 km/h in 2.6 seconds.
The front electric motor spins up to 16 thousand revolutions per minute and operates at speeds up to 265 kilometers per hour. The traction lithium-ion battery has a capacity of 6.8 kilowatt hours and begins to be fed from the recovery system with a residual charge of 30-50 percent.
Shown in 2013 at the Geneva Motor Show, the hybrid has become a showcase for the achievements of Italians. In total, 500 coupe copies and 210 open Aperta were released – only those who already owned LaFerrari could buy roadsters.
Dvuhdverka received a 963-horsepower power plant (900 Nm), consisting of a 6.3 V12 engine with 800 horsepower, a 120-kilowatt electric motor and a seven-speed robotic gearbox with two clutches. From standstill to “hundreds” LaFerrari is able to accelerate in three seconds. The maximum speed is 350 kilometers per hour.
The HY-KERS super hybrid installation was developed by Magneti Marelli. It allowed not only to improve the dynamic characteristics, but also to reduce harmful emissions by 40 percent. In fact, LaFerrari has two electric motors: one helps the internal combustion engine and recovers kinetic energy during braking, the other supports the traction battery and feeds the on-board electronics.
Ferrari SF90 Stradale
The successor of LaFerrari’s ideas was the most powerful road car and the first Ferrari plug-in hybrid – the SF90 Stradale. The alphanumeric designation in the name of the hypercar refers to the 90th anniversary of the Scuderia Ferrari racing team. The word Stradale says that berlinetta is intended for public roads.
The V8 biturbo engine with a volume of 4.0 liters and a capacity of 780 forces (800 Nm) became part of the power plant of the hypercar. In addition, the hybrid has three electric motors with a total output of 220 forces: one is installed between the engine and gearbox, the other two on the front axle. From standstill to 100 km/h, the Ferrari SF90 Stradale accelerates in 2.5 seconds, and up to 200 in 6.7 seconds. The maximum speed of the hypercar is 340 kilometers per hour.
Attempts to turn the Formula 1 car into a car for ordinary roads have not yet been successful: the guys from Affalterbach regularly postpone the start of mass production of the One hybrid precisely because of problems with the adaptation of a complex power plant.
The coupe with a huge longitudinal “fin” was equipped with a hybrid powerplant from the Mercedes F1 W07 Hybrid racing car. It included a 1.6-liter turbo engine, an eight-band robotic gearbox, five electric motors and lithium-ion batteries. Estimated return – 1034 horsepower.
Mercedes-AMG plans to build a total of 275 copies of the One Super Hybrid. The price of each car will be about $ 2.7 million.
The hypercar with a carbon-fiber body in the form of an elongated drop became the fastest McLaren car – the manufacturer claims a maximum speed of 403 kilometers per hour. The smooth external panels of the superhybrid are literally penetrated by air ducts for optimal distribution of incoming air flows, and retractable chambers took the place of the side mirrors.
A hybrid power plant with a total capacity of 1,050 horsepower accelerates the McLaren Speedtail from zero to 300 kilometers per hour in 12.8 seconds. For comparison, the McLaren P1 takes 16.5 seconds. Acceleration to 100 km/h – 2.7 seconds.
To maintain the purity of the appearance of the Speedtail, the wing has been replaced with a pair of flexible ailerons made of flexible carbon fiber, which are integral with the external body panels. Some elements of the aerodynamic body kit of a hypercar are made of a material called Titanium Deposition Carbon Fiber, which is a carbon fiber coated with titanium.
Aston Martin Valkyrie
The “Diffuser on Wheels” is perhaps the most complex Aston Martin project, implemented with the support of Red Bull Racing and Cosworth. The circulation of the hypercar will be 150 pieces. Each customer will be offered an AMR Track Performance Pack with a second set of exterior body panels and track pieces like titanium brakes.
At the heart of the Valkyrie power plant will be a record “aspirated” 6.5 V12 with a capacity of 1014 horsepower and 740 Nm of torque, developed by Cosworth. The mass of the engine is only 206 kilograms. It is equipped with titanium connecting rods and pistons, as in Formula 1 cars, and a crankshaft machined from a solid steel rod with a length of 775 and a diameter of 170 millimeters.
The “garage cooperative” Koenigsegg is building “unicorns”: Swedish hypercars do not fit into generally accepted industry standards and are sometimes too innovative. Regera, which does not have a gearbox in its traditional sense, is no exception.
The power plant of Regers consists of a five-liter twin-turbo V8 engine and three electric motors: two are installed on the rear axle, they allow you to control the thrust vector, and the third, connected to the crankshaft, acts as a generator and starter. They are powered by an 800-volt liquid-cooled battery pack and cell batteries, as in Formula 1 cars. Regera recoil – 1590 forces and 2180 Nm of torque.
The hybrid gearbox is the Koenigsegg Direct Drive (KDD). With KDD, the internal combustion engine is connected directly to the rear axle using a hydraulic slip clutch and a final drive with a constant gear ratio of 2.73:1.
Bonus: Puritalia Berlinetta
No giant wing, sophisticated aerodynamic elements and mega-advanced electronics – inconspicuous coupe from afar can be taken for another Alfa Romeo. Although in fact it is an extreme superhybrid. By the way, the most powerful gasoline-electric car from Italy. In total, 150 two-doors will be released, and the minimum price of each will be 553,350 euros
Under the hood of the Puritalia Berlinetta, a 750-horsepower 5.0 V8 is installed, and an electric motor for 215 forces and 370 Nm of torque is mounted on the rear axle. In total, they give out 965 horsepower and 1248 Nm of torque. Using the eMozione switch in the passenger compartment, the electric motor torque can be increased by another 370 Nm.
The claimed dynamics – from zero to 100 km/h in 2.7 seconds and a maximum speed of 335 kilometers per hour. Puritalia Purhydrive is designed to optimize the operation of the power plant, which on a cloud server calculates the best options for distributing electricity flows, given the weather, route and driving mode.
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