Diesel engines continue to kill peopleSeptember 25, 2018
The study showed that emissions from most diesel cars in Europe, even with the most advanced cleaning technologies, far exceed the level of laboratory tests, writes the publication Eurek Alert. Driving in real time leads to an increase in emissions by 16 times, and this in turn to 2,700 premature deaths in the EU, the researchers say.
Recent research by scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology shows that in Europe, ten major automakers produced diesel cars (from 2000 to 2015) that generate up to 16 times more emissions on the road than in regulatory tests – a level that exceeds but does not violate any laws of the EU. The results of the research were published this month in the scientific journal “Atmospheric Environment”.
Scientists examined ten major automakers of diesel cars sold in Europe: Volkswagen, Renault, Peugeot-Citroën, Fiat, Ford, General Motors, BMW, Daimler, Toyota and Hyundai. The cars of all these companies account for more than 90% of the total number of diesel cars sold between 2000 and 2015 in 28 EU member states, along with Norway and Switzerland.
Researchers predict that these excess emissions will have a significant impact on health, resulting in approximately 2,700 premature deaths per year in Europe. It is this amount of population that loses at least a decade of its life due to the impact of excess NOx emissions from cars. These health effects, as scientists have discovered, are “transboundary”, which means that diesel emissions produced in one country can adversely affect the population in other countries thousands of kilometers apart.
“Just imagine that where excess emissions occur, people can die early,” says study author Stephen Barrett. “We found that 70% of all health impacts are transboundary. That is, to try to solve the problem with excess emissions, coordination is needed not in one country, but on a continental scale. ”
Excess emissions of ten manufacturers can not be the result of illegal violations, as was the case with Volkswagen in 2015. Scientists write that “the EU approval procedures for testing and ineffective emission control strategies can be to blame.”
Researchers summarized: “The solution is to completely eliminate NOx. At the moment this does not mean that we should return to gasoline. Electrification is the answer. Ultimately, we must have zero emissions in cities. “