BMW celebrates anniversary of the Leipzig plantNovember 19, 2020
A BMW plant opened 15 years ago in Leipzig, for which Zaha Hadid received the Pritzker Prize. This was the first time that Pritzker was handed over to a female architect.
Prior to Hadid, Pritzker’s highest architectural award was given only to men. There were many women in this area, but only the revolutionary ideas of Hadid were able to break the old tradition. At the BMW plant project competition, she beat 25 competitors and proposed a concept that first impressed the management of the concern, and then the entire architectural world.
Hadid herself said this about the project: “In this building, energy flows from everywhere at once.” And in fact, inside the building – from the body shop to the paint shop on an open 600-meter conveyor – future BMWs float through offices, a conference room and a café.
The idea that the production and office areas are intertwined and that there is no border between white and blue collars is exactly what the BMW Group management wanted to see in their new and most progressive factory at the time.
For Hadid herself, this was only the fifth structure built according to her design. However, together with the previous four projects, the BMW plant became the harbinger of all modern deconstructivism – a style of architecture, the fashion for which heralded the arrival of the 21st century.
Interestingly, deconstructivism, which made Zaha Hadid the most recognizable architect on the planet, can be called the legacy of Russian constructivism and Suprematism. From the very beginning, Hadid’s style was strongly influenced by the Russian avant-garde, especially Malevich. She called her thesis “Tectonik Malevich” – a project for a residential bridge (and here about flows and communications) on the Thames.
“Down with geometry is boring,” says Hadid in his work. Her buildings are more like installations by contemporary artists – who, in fact, was Zaha Hadid. Streamlined bionic forms that break the usual geometry of buildings, orderly transparent flows and connections, soft lighting that emphasizes plastic, open structures made of glass, concrete and metal in interiors, laconic design, minimalism and air – today this is a recognizable unique signature of the beloved architect.
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