Approved regulations for the 2021 seasonNovember 1, 2019
The World Council on Motorsport unanimously approved the technical and sports regulations for the 2021 season, when Formula 1 will seriously change. The weekend in Austin began with a press conference with the participation of Formula 1 Executive Director Chase Carey, Technical Director Nicholas Tombasis, Sports Director Ross Brown and FIA President Jean Todt, who introduced the new regulations.
An integrated approach to the formation of a successful F1 future, new technical and sports regulations, as well as financial rules are aimed at making the wrestling on the track more tight, competitions more balanced, as well as achieving sports and economic stability of Formula 1.
Formula 1 of 2021 is:
cars that are more able to fight on the track;
more balanced nature of the competition;
a sport in which success will be more likely determined by how efficiently the teams spend their money, and not by how much they spend. Including, for the first time the FIA rules will introduce a mandatory budget limit ($ 175 million per season);
sport, which provides more correct business conditions for its participants and more attractive for new teams;
a sport that will remain the highest category of auto racing and will be an ideal showcase for demonstrating advanced technologies.
The new rules will be supplemented by a new approach to sports management, as well as a new revenue distribution structure, which will allow the sport to develop and grow amid the strengthening of its business model. The process of reaching all these agreements with the teams is at an advanced stage.
Cars 2021 will be built according to a fundamentally different philosophy and will become 3-3.5 seconds slower than today – at the level of machine speed in 2016.
The regulation on aerodynamics will seriously change, which will allow not to lose downforce in the air flow behind other cars. The cars will have tires on 18-inch wheels with LED indicators. LED displays will also appear on the machine body.
For the first time in Formula 1, restrictions are introduced on expenses at the level of $ 175 million per team per year. This amount includes all expenses except marketing, salaries of riders and three leading employees.
The sports and technical regulations will seriously change. Teams will not be able to modify cars during the race weekend, the number of updates to the aerodynamics during the season will be reduced, which will reduce the costly “arms race”. The number of standard components and parts will increase, and the number of replacements for some components will be limited.
There will be small but significant changes in the format of the race weekend – it will be compressed to improve the fans’ impressions and help the teams cope with the extended calendar.
The press conference before the weekend will be postponed from Thursday to Friday, it will be held before training, and the cars will obey the rules of the closed park (that is, they will be in the racing version) from the beginning of the third training.
The third training session will also be the point at which teams will have to bring their cars in accordance with the “reference specification” provided for verification before the first session of the weekend, so any elements tested during training should be removed at this point.
In addition, all teams during the year must hold at least two training sessions with pilots who completed two or less Grand Prix, which will give the next generation more chances to prove themselves.
The number of stages during the season is planned to increase to 25 Grand Prix.
In an attempt to reduce development costs, the number of teams working in wind tunnels every week will be reduced with a focus on the use of CFD computational fluid dynamics technologies instead of physical tests.
Other changes to the rules are aimed at the same. For example, the transition to low-profile rubber carries not only an aesthetic moment. The high-profile tires currently used in Formula 1 tend to shift strongly and change shape, which affects aerodynamics. Teams with the largest budgets can carefully study these effects and find the best solutions that give them an edge over the rest. Tires with a stiffer sidewall do not shift so much that simplifies aerodynamics and, thus, reduces development investment.
Chase Carey, head of Formula 1: “Formula 1 is an incredible sport with a rich history, heroes and fans around the world. We have great respect for the DNA of Formula 1, which includes sports rivalry, uniqueness of talents, the courage of riders, the dedication of the teams to their work and the most advanced technologies. The goal has always been to make the struggle on the track more interesting, but at the same time, sport should become a viable and attractive business for everyone.
Adoption of the rules by the World Council is a turning point that will help make races more exciting for all fans. The new rules were the result of a two-year process of studying technical, sports and financial issues. We made many changes throughout the discussion process, receiving feedback from teams and all interested parties. We are firmly convinced that we have achieved our goals.
The new rules are an important and serious step, but this is an ongoing process, so we will continue to refine the rules and take steps that will allow our sport to develop and fully reach its potential.
One of the important initiatives that we will strive to implement in the future is to reduce the impact of our sport on the environment. We already have the most efficient engine in the world, and in the next few weeks we will announce plans, the implementation of which will reduce and, ultimately, eliminate the impact of our sport and business on the environment. “We have always been at the forefront of the automotive industry and believe that we can play a leading role in this critical issue.”
Jean Todt, president of the FIA: “For more than two years, intensive research has continued in close collaboration with our partners in Formula 1, with the support of teams and racers, track designers and tire supplier Pirelli, all shareholders of Formula 1, and we at the FIA are proud that today We publish a new regulation that will determine the future of Formula 1, starting in 2021.
These are serious changes in sports management, and for the first time we paid attention to both technical, sports and financial aspects. The regulations for 2021 are the result of collective work, and, in my opinion, this is an amazing achievement.
In the future, the key point for the FIA will be environmental concerns – Formula 1 already uses the most efficient engines in the world, and we will continue to work with new technologies and fuels to make progress in this area. What FIA published today is the best foundation that we could create for the benefit of the participants of the championship and shareholders of Formula 1, guaranteeing a reliable and interesting future for the sport. “
Ross Brown “We wanted to get cars on which riders can actively attack. We want the gaps to be reduced, so that the teams can survive, so that the cars look great, even when they stand still. We don’t want to see cars that are constantly losing parts. Cars in 2021 will be much more reliable than today.
The maximum number of Grand Prix per season will increase to 25. We retained the three-day format of the weekend, but decided to compact it. What is happening on Thursday, we will postpone on Friday, and after that we will conduct two training sessions. The number of working hours will be reduced, the night break will increase, which will make life easier for mechanics. ”
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